The Legacy of James I
- Conflict managed between Catholics and Puritans
- James supports the episcopacy
- James chooses an anti-puritan Archbishop
- Book of Sports angers Puritan Sabbatarian’s
- Gunpowder plot: Catholic terrorists try to blow up parliament. James responds with more recusancy fines
- Known as Rex Pacifus for trying to use diplomacy to solve 30 years war
- Ends war with Spain in 1604. Builds relations with attempted Spanish match
- 1609 French alliance, Catholic, anti-Spanish
- Elizabeth to marry Frederick V of the Palatine: pro-Protestant stance in Holy Roman Empire
- Parliaments wants to intervene in 30 years war, but James reluctant: destabilising effect
“The House of Common is like a body without a head.” James fails to understand differences between ENG and SCOT parliament. Scot was loyal, but ENG independent and challenging. Can’t intervene in elections; like he could in Scotland. Only one chamber in Scotland too.
- Massive debt due to war.
- Personal spending high
- Lavish entertainer, gives money to his advisors
- Parliament do try to help with 3 subsidies
- James sells titles and honours cheaply
- Economic depression: and poor harvests early 1620’s.
- Royal Debt £900,000 1620…in 1621/4 Parliament, they were reluctant to grant James subsidies.
Character of Charles
- Poor speaker: stammer
- Inferiority complex
- Shy and withdrawn, didn’t like to explain his decisions
- Believed in Divine Right and that his power was unquestionable, god given…from father
- Did not like fathers extravagant court
- Prioritised order in court over access