The Welfare State and how it reduces inequality in the UK

Created after WW2

Five main areas

-social security (£200bn spent here- but means tested and avg payouts very low)

-education (a devolved power meaning that it varies place to place…e.g in Scotland there are no uni tuitition fee

-health care (£200bn spent on NHS 2015/6 one of best in world)

-housing (allows for social housing etc) bit shit in cambridge like

– social services for children etc


there are other ways of reducing equality

taxes: don’t directly do this, but by taxing gov receives money it can then spend to improve institutions

law: all citzens should be equal before the eyes of the law: however lawyer pricings can dictate this and create a new inequality

green belt and congestion charge for spatial inequality




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