How are stories within the epics used in the Iliad and Aeneid to contribute to success?
Reinforces a key theme
Chance to include mythology for well-read roman audience.
The story of helen that Deiphobus gives in the underworld is a brief respite from the suffering and the heaviness of the book. This interlude allows escape frm the underworld, helping add to audience engagement by ensuring the amount of death and gloom in the underworld does not overwhelm the reader. It has added significance and adds to the success also, because Deiphobus finishes his tale by encouraging Aeneas to pursue a ‘better fate than his own’. This is instrumental in the character development of Aeneas, and how this resolves his steadfast heroism and commitment to the cause. This adds success, and this then allow sthe reader to perceive how might he becomes later in the epic, such as when he unleashes much destruction on his enemies with the similie comparing him to aegaegon in b10 reaffirming this.
The story of Cacus and how Hercules defeated this brute in B8 contributes to the success too. This story outlines a story of good vs evil and how Hercules takes on a supernatural being that belches smoke, and somehow wins to protect his flock. By allusion, this creates success by helping to set the latium war in perspective. It appears as though Aeneas fights on the side of good, and that by crushing turnus, this is an act likes Hercules’ in crushing furor and impiety, protecting his peoples and helping to form a safer rome. Therefore, this also has success in stressing the victory of piety over furor, which helps highlight a key roman value of good over evil.
The story of Bellerophon in b6 contributes success in terms of engagement for the iliad. This is because it gives the tale of how Bellerophon, tricked by Anteia is forced to leave the kingdom, given three impossible tasks, achieving them all, before attaining glory and kingdom and wife. This therefore adds to the audience engagement in the feats of heroism described by slaying the Solymi and Amazons and Chiaemara. Furtheromore, it adds to the success of the iliad by reaffirming this idea of heroism, and by exemplifiying the Homeric heroic code. Contextually, the fact that Glaucus and Diomedes pause in the middle of the battle to discuss this and trauce back Glaucus’ line contributes some success because it again highlights the heroism of the warriors and how they have respect for one another. However, it could said to be detracting from audience engagement because it is bizarre to stop in the middle of battle for so long, and could be considered unrealistic.